Biology Introduction Terminology Class 9th Notes Fbise

Biology Introduction Terminology

Terminology Used in Chapter the terms to know

Biology Introduction Terminology

  1. Agriculture: The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops.
  2. Anatomy: The study of the structure of internal organs.
  3. Animal husbandry: The profession in which the diseases of livestock are diagnosed and treated.
  4. with the study of the chemistry of different compounds and processes occurring in living organisms.
  5. Bio economics: The science that studies the organisms from economical point of view.
  6. Bio element: Elements that make the body of living organisms.
  7. Biography: the science that studies the occurrence and distribution of different species of living organisms in different geographical regions of the Earth.
  8. Bio mathematics: The science that deals with the study of biological processes using mathematical techniques and tools.
  9. Biophysics: The science that covers the relationship of biology with physics.
  10. Biotechnology: The practical application of the knowledge about living organisms for the welfare of mankind.
  11. Botany: The division of biology that deals with the study of plants.
  12. Cell: The structural and functional unit of life.
  13. Cell Biology: The study of the structures and functions of cells and cell organelles is called cell biology.
  14. This branch also deals with the study of cell division.
  15. Colony: Group of the unicellular organisms that do not have division of labour among themselves.
  16. Community: Populations of different organisms living together in a habitat.
  17. Embryology: The study of the development of a new individual from a fertilised egg (zygote).
  18. Environmental biology: The branch that deals with the study of the interactions between the organisms and their environment.
  19. Fanning: The profession in which different types of farm (e.g. poultry farm, fruit farm, buffalo farm etc.) are developed and maintained.
  20. Forestry: The profession in which the professionals look after natural forests and suggest for planting and growing artificial forests.
  21. Fossil: Remains or impressions of an organism that existed in the geological past.
  22. Genetics: The study of inheritance.
  23. Histology: The microscopic study of tissues.
  24. Horticulture: The growing of garden plants: the cultivation of fruit and vegetables.
  25. Immunology: The study of the immune system of animals, which defends the body against invading harmful microorganisms.
  26. Inheritance: The transmission of characters from one generation to the other.
  27. Macro molecule: The bio molecules with higher molecular weight.
  28. Microbiology: The division of biology that studies the life of microorganisms.
  29. Micro molecule: The bio molecules with lower molecular weight.
  30. Micro organism: Any organism (living thing) that cannot be seen with the naked eye.  (micro = small)
  31. Morphology: The study of the structures of living organisms.
  32. Organ: Group of tissues doing a particular job e.g. the heart.
  33. Organ system: Group of organs doing a particular job. e.g. the circulatory system.
  34. Organelle: Microscopic structure which does a particular job in a cell, e.g. the nucleus.
  35. Palaeontology: It is the study of fossils, which are the remains of extinct organisms. Palaeontologists study the age and structure of fossils and on this basis study the process of evolution.
  36. Parasite: An organism that lives in or on another organism of different species and causes harm to it.
  37. Parapsychology: The study of parasites.
  38. Pharmacology: The study of drugs and their effects on the systems of body.
  39. Physiology: The study of the functions of living organisms and their parts.
  40. Population: Members of a single species living in a habitat.
  41. Prokarytoe: Unicellular organisms that do not have distinct nucleus in their
    cells e.g. bacteria.
  42. Protest: The group that includes unicellular or simple multi cellular organisms
    with distinct nuclei in their cell/5 e.g. Euglena, Paramecium, Green algae.
  43. Scio-biology: The branch that deals with the study of social behaviour of the animals that live in societies.
  44. Surgery: The profession in which the parts of the body may be repaired,
    replaced or removed in order to treat a disease or any other malfunctioning.
  45. Taxonomy: The study of the naming and classification of organisms into
    groups and subgroups.
  46. Tissue: Group of cells of the same type doing a particular job, e.g. the glandular tissue, muscular tissue, nervous tissue etc.
  47. Volovox: A green alga found in water that shows colonial organisation.
  48. Zoology: The Division of Biology that deals with the study of animals.

Biology Introduction Terminology

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