Media as an effective tool for Preventing political Crime

Media as an Effective Tool for Preventing Political Crime

Abstract

This work is aimed to describe the role of media and its effects on crime in politics. Crime reporting, Investigative reporting etc on print or electronic media are the tools to prevent corruption and other political crimes. This research work suggested that for media person it is necessary to be well aware from laws and ethics of media. The objective of this research work is to motivate Journalists and to reduce corruption by highlighting the main issue to the masses, and this is only possible when the journalist truly adopt the laws and ethics of media. This research work can also provide social awareness by strengthening mutual efforts of people and journalists. Some media laws and duties of journalist will be discussed that how our media will be powerful or how media can create deterrence in the corrupt politician. This research work shows that media as an effective tool for preventing political crime.

CHAPTER-1

Introduction

The media is a basic crime deterrence co-worker. For most of the public, the media is their only source of information about the criminal justice system. Their perceptions and attitudes are formed by what they hear, read and see. Media can promote crime prevention efforts and they can help you to deliver important messages related to community safety.

Media is frightening criminals as one of anti criminal departments working in Pakistan. Many anti criminal organizations are working to minimize crime rate but when there is a question of justice for upper class and dominant people of society then there is a change in rules for their ease to get rid of laws if media is stronger enough to provide evidence against every criminal then there will be a mental fear in the society which can help anti criminal organizations to minimize crime rate. It is the benefit of media that it exposes criminals and make criminals exposed to the masses. Public opinion as a law abiding force presents criminals from offences, (Public opinion – Law abiding Force)

Media make sense of social justice and thus establish to the effect of crime prevention, through judicial oversight to ensure fair judicial proceedings, to prevent corruption in the judiciary, the media through the proper guidance to play its positive role in suppressing its negative effects, in order to better prevent and control crime.

In the recent information culture, citizens should have as much information as possible on public institutions to ensure that democratic values are upheld.

In this connection, the provision of information on the activities of police forces and the Public Prosecutor in the fight against organized crime could be essential.

It is evident that the focus of criminal proceedings has changed in recent decades, from gathering, presenting and evaluating evidence for and against the defendant to becoming, through mass-media coverage and globalization, more of a reflection of public opinion on important news items and issues of political and social interest as (for example, in Government corruption cases).

The role of the media:

In evidence to the Committee, criticism was leveled at the media for generating fear of crime through failing to provide a balance in reporting incidents of criminal activity. The Committee notes that media coverage enables people to make comparisons and become more critical. However, criticism seemed to focus on lack of balance in reporting. The Committee sees a great need for accurate and contemporary statistics to be readily available to provide such balance.

Criminal proceedings have thus become a means of influencing public opinion through the mass media, and they, in turn, can be influenced by media requirements and dominant political groups.

In our particular field, the effectiveness of criminal proceedings and control of the mass media can be excellent ways for us to gain people’s trust in government institutions and even to prevent crime being committed.

“The broadcasting of news items about the effectiveness of police forces or about the speed and timeliness of deterrent sentences certainly discourages potential offenders and may even force them to abandon crime altogether” (Graham, 2002).

It is well known that one of the functions of sentencing is to serve as a deterrent to crime.

It is particularly important to gain people’s trust in the fight against organized crime as this can help break the conspiracy of silence imposed by criminal gangs and encourage people to give evidence or make a complaint against a crime.

Positive examples publicized by the mass media can be particularly effective in geographical and social groups which have been forced into silence by criminal organizations.

The most decisive part, however, of the mass media’s role in the fight against organized crime could and should be providing people with examples of social behavior that are perhaps not collectively considered particularly alarming but which are big-business opportunities for organized crime.

Information on criminal investigations could also be extremely useful for people to help them avoid buying fake products or becoming a victim of the large-scale. We are therefore faced with the decisive challenge of guaranteeing freedom, security and justice in Pakistan.

Combating fear of crime in politicians:

Strategies for combating fear of crime in politicians were raised in evidence to the Committee. They included:

  • Police resources and initiatives;
  • promoting caution and commonsense;
  • informing the community of local government initiatives; and
  • Provision of accurate data on the nature and incidence of crime.

Factors contributing to fear of crime:

Factors contributing to a fear of crime which were identified in submissions and public hearings include:

  • Personal experience and anecdotal evidence of crime;
  • Media misinformation and/or omission
  • Perception of light sentences.
  1. Background

Masses don’t know that who are the culprits? Who did that crime? This research elaborated that mass media are only one of the sources from which citizens attain knowledge of crime and justice the main function of modern media is the dissemination of information. Media should let the society know about the issue, about the corruption of any politician, about any crime which is in process are about any politician that are involved in any illegal activity.

As there are many channels broadcasting in Pakistan but what masses need they need crystal clear information about any issue, Indirectly people need talented journalist who knows everything about media laws that journalist should be news worthy, partial, objectivity should be there duty and journalist should be crystal clear. Capture the reader’s interest and convince him/her of the significance of the problem.

  1. Problem Statement

To study that media as an effective tool for preventing political crime.

1.3 Objective of the study

  • To study that media should be the 4th pillar of democracy, media should be stronger.
  • To formulate that Media can reduce corruption in politicians, bribery in police etc.
  • To determine the relationship between government and the mass media in the fight against political crime.
  • To ascertain how Journalist create awareness about the criminal laws and the implementation of these laws for the benefit of society.

1.5 Significance of study

As the media has a strong social and cultural impact upon masses, media can play a vital role in the fight against criminals supported by politicians, Media has played a vital role in order to focus on the common issues in almost every age. It is the fact that in most of the eras, media were not being given free and fair chances to investigate the issues of society more honestly than it is being given now, but we can’t deny this fact that the issues were always raised in order to provide justice to people. If media is enough powerful then dishonest leaders of the country will be anxious about their immoral dealings, because there will be a fear of crime in their minds which will prevent them from doing so.

CHAPTER-2

Literature Review

A widely accepted postulate among social scientists is that the distorted image of crime presented in the mass media leads to increased and possibly irrational fears of crime in the public. It was hypothesized that exposure to the mass media (i.e., newspapers, television news and television watching in general) would be positively correlated with perceptions that a respondent’s chances of being victimized are greater “now” than a year ago. “In addition to the direct effects hypothesis, an alternative hypothesis posited that the relationship between the “fear of crime” and mass media use habits would be stronger for those social groups most fearful of crime (i.e., women, the elderly, nonwhites and those with less education)” (Amn Albert 1998).

Western society is fascinated with crime and justice. From films, books, newspapers, magazines, television broadcasts, to everyday conversations, we are constantly engaging in crime “talk”. The mass media play an important role in the construction of criminality and the criminal justice system. “The public’s perception of victims, criminals, deviants, and law enforcement officials is largely determined by their portrayal in the mass media. Research indicates that the majority of public knowledge about crime and justice is derived from the media” (Doob, 1990).

Therefore, it is imperative to examine the effects that the mass media have on attitudes toward crime and justice.

Data from four surveys, three drawn from the public and one from a college student population, were analyzed. Cross tabular and regression analysis failed to support the hypotheses, a finding which generally is consistent with previous research. The direct effects model is criticized as being too simplistic, deterministic and mechanistic. “Instead, it is argued that people actively engage in constructing meaning from mass media messages about crime. Attribution theory is drawn upon to explain how the consumer of crime news is able to neutralize fear-evoking response mechanisms” (Surette, 1998).

The role of media: In evidence to the Committee, criticism was leveled at the media for generating fear of crime through failing to provide a balance in reporting incidents of criminal activity. The Committee notes that media coverage enables people to make comparisons and become more critical. “However, criticism seemed to focus on lack of balance in reporting. The Committee sees a great need for accurate and contemporary statistics to be readily available to provide such balance” (Graham, 2002)

Combating fear of crime in politicians:

Strategies for combating fear of crime in politicians were raised in evidence to the Committee. They included:

  • Police resources and initiatives;
  • promoting caution and commonsense;
  • informing the community of local government initiatives; and
  • Provision of accurate data on the nature and incidence of crime.

Factors contributing to fear of crime: Factors contributing to a fear of crime which were identified in submissions and public hearings include:

  • Personal experience and anecdotal evidence of crime;
  • Media misinformation and/or omission
  • Perception of light sentences.

Involve the Media:

The media is an important crime prevention partner. For most of the public, the media is their only source of information about the criminal justice system. Their perceptions and attitudes are shaped by what they hear, read and see. Media can help promote your crime prevention efforts and they can help you deliver important messages related to community safety.

To gain community-wide support, you may want to develop a communications strategy. Communication tools to consider include:

  • Print publications
  • Posters
  • Newsletters
  • Flyers
  • Banners or other signage
  • Community events
  • Radio and/or television
  • Computer bulletin boards, blogs and online news services
  • E-mail
  • Word of mouth or networking

The Meaning of Corruption

Corruption is defined by the World Bank and Transparency International (TI) as “the misuse of public office for private gain.”As such, it involves the improper and unlawful behavior of public-service officials, both politicians and civil servants, whose positions create opportunities for the diversion of money and assets from government to them and their accomplices.

There are several types of corruption. The distinctions can be useful in designing and developing reform programs and strategies.

  • PETTY CORRUPTION

    Petty corruption practiced by public servants who may be basically decent and honest individuals but who are grossly underpaid and depends on small bribes from the public to feed and educate their families.

  • GRAND CORRUPTION High-level public officials and politicians make decisions involving large public contracts or projects financed by external donors. This corruption is motivated by personal greed. The money or assets from such corruption usually is transferred to individuals or political party coffers.
  • EPISODIC CORRUPTION

    Honest behavior is the norm, corruption the exception, and the dishonest public servant is disciplined when detected.

  • SYSTEMIC CORRUPTION

Channels of malfeasance extend upwards from the bribe collection points, and systems depend on corruption for their survival.

Corruption can also be categorized in other ways. A distinction can be made between benefits that are paid willingly (bribery) and payments that are exacted from unwilling clients (extortion). Another way to categorize is to differentiate between bribes paid for what a client has a legal right to receive and bribes paid to receive benefits belonging to others.

2.2 Research questions

According to Pakistan’s this era’s media and level of wrongdoings in political leaders the following questions can be raised:

  • Do the masses agree on the role of media increase fear of crime?
  • Do people think that media can bring politicians accountable to them?
  • How do people perceive whether media can lower the corruption rate.

    CHAPTER-3

Methodology

This study is planned to identify that what perception is establishing the media and media war against political crime. Keeping in view the nature of the present study survey research method will be adopted to explore the topic. The focus group in this study will be middle class citizens of Islamabad.

3.1 Universe

The universe of any study is the total population. So as I am studying on the city of the Islamabad. So the universe of my study is the total population of Islamabad city.

3.2 Population

As the universe is already defined that is the total population of Islamabad, the researcher couldn’t study on the universe so he selected two sectors as his population.

3.3 Sample

The researcher will focus on the Middle class people & will conduct the study on them. The researcher will select 80 people for his study. The middle class people are those which are having the salaries from 15,000 to 30,000 Rs.

3.4 Conceptualization of variables

Media: Media refers to various means of communication; television, radio, and the newspaper are different types of media. Media can also be used as a collective noun for the press or news reporting agencies.

Mass media:
Mass media refers collectively to all media technologies, television, newspapers, and radio these are tools used for mass media.

Journalist: A journalist collects and disseminates information about current events, people, trends, and issues. His or her work is acknowledged as journalism.

Fear of crime:
The fear of crime refers to the fear of being a victim of crime as opposed to the actual chance of being a victim of crime. Studies of the fear of crime occur in criminology.

Corruption: Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery.

Chapter-4

DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS

In order to achieve the objective of the research, statistical analysis were carried out using SPSS (software Statistical Package for Social Science) and analysis comprised of tabulation, frequency distribution and proportions. The outcomes of the study are presented in bar chart form. To get the desired result researcher got the information through questionnaire from the one hundred people of the middle class citizens of Islamabad. The recovery of questionnaire was 100%.  In which researcher tries to make sure the equal opportunity to both male and female of every age, occupation, and education level.

Result of research Q1

Q1: Do the masses agree on the role of media increase fear of crime?

  Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes8080.0
no2020.0
Total100100.0

Table: 1

Table 1 indicates result of research Q1 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 80% of the respondents think that media increase fear of crime and 20% of the respondents think that media can’t bring fear of crime.

Result of research Q2

Do people think that media can bring politicians accountable to them?

Table: 2

  Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes no   Total70 30   10070.0 30.0   100.0

Table 2 indicates result of research Q2 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 58% of the respondents think that media can bring politicians accountable to people and 30% think that Pakistani media is irresponsible.

Result of research Q3

Do you agree that media increases fear of crime

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes7676.0
no2424.0
Total100100.0

Table: 3

Table 3 indicates result of research Q3 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 76% of the respondents think that media can increase fear of crime and 24 % of the respondents think that media can’t combat crime.

Result of research Q4

Do you agree media brings politicians accountable to people

Table: 4

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes3838.0
no6262.0
Total100100.0

Table 4 indicates that 38% of the respondents think that media can bring politician accountable to people.

Result of research Q5

How do people perceive whether media can lower the corruption rate?

Table: 5

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes9090.0
no1010.0
Total100100.0

Table 5 indicates that 90% of the respondents think that media can lower the corruption rate and 10% of the respondents think that police can’t decrease crime rate.

Result of research Q6

Do you agree that Pakistani media promoting anti criminal elements

 
Categories FrequencyPercent 
 yes7070.0 
no3030.0 
Total100100.0 

Table: 6

Table 6 indicates result of research Q6 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 70% of the respondents think that media is promoting anti criminal element

Result of research Q7

Do Pakistani people think that media sets the agenda for public

Table: 7

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes4141.0
no5959.0
Total100100.0

Table 7 indicates that 41% of the respondents think that  media sets the agenda for public.

Result of research Q8

Do Pakistani people think that public sets agenda for media?

 
Categories FrequencyPercent 
 yes5955.0 
no4145.0 
Total100100.0 

Table:

Table 8 indicates result of research Q8 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 59% of the respondents think that public sets agenda for media

Result of research Q9

Do you agree that media broadcast crime and violence on prime-time TV and/or in the movies

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes9191.0
no99.0
Total100100.0

Table: 9

Table 9 indicates result of research Q9 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 91% of the respondents think that media broadcast crime and violence on prime-time TV and/or in the movies.

Result of research Q10

Do you agree that local political systems assists in organized Crimes

Table: 10

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes6868.0
no3232.0
Total100100.0

Table 10 indicates result of research Q10 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 68% of the respondents think that local political systems assist in organized Crimes.

Result of research Q11

Being a Pakistani do you agree that Pakistani media can bring a good democracy?

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes8080.0
no2020.0
Total100100.0

Table: 11

Table 11 indicates result of research Q11 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 80% of the respondents think that good media will bring a good democracy.

Result of research Q12

Do you think that TV talk shows discuss political issues in a good way?

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes7070.0
no3030.0
Total100100.0

Table: 12

Table 12 indicates result of research Q12 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 70% of the respondents think that TV talk shows discuss political issues in a good way.

Result of research Q13

Do you agree that media created awareness in the people

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes7575.0
no2525.0
Total100100.0

Table: 13

Table 13 indicates result of research Q13 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 75% of the respondents think that media created awareness in the people.

Result of research Q14

Do you agree that due to media technology, it is easy to stop the flow of crime rate in politics

 
Categories FrequencyPercent 
 yes7171.0 
no2929.0 
Total100100.0 

Table: 14

Table 14 indicates that 71% of the respondents think that through new technology it is easy to stop the flow of crime rate.

Chapter 5

Conclusion and discussion

In a nation building process media has a vital role; it can cause the increase and decrease of crime rate in politicians. Media can combat crime by adopting media laws and ethics especially when journalist adopt Islamic course of action, as in Quran Allah says ‘(42) And cover not Truth with falsehood, nor conceal the Truth when you know (what it is).  Albaqara’ so if journalists truly adopt Islamic laws in journalism then media can reduce political crimes and increase political justice.                                                                                                             Through the media, it is a natural tendency that negativity gains more attraction and spread more quickly, especially in the presence of a strong media. Whatsoever, it is a fact that most of the crimes happening across the world, which would have otherwise gone unnoticed, are brought to public attention, forcing the government to take necessary law and order actions and preventive measures. Crime and investigation reports broadcasted by television channels and stories published by newspapers have helped to catch many culprits and law breakers by assisting police investigations. Even though seeing and hearing unpleasant news is disturbing, it surely makes people aware of crimes happening around them.                                                                           If a journalist follows the laws of media then he will be able to combat political crimes. Journalists can use police for this process but most of the people think that police are useless nowadays so that’s why journalists should also keep eyes on police and they should try to encourage good police officers and they should uncover the corrupt police officers to the people.

References

McComb, S & Shaw, H (2009)

Agenda setting theory Newyork: Sage Publisher

Demer, H & david, K (1999)

Media, London: David publication

Dr Atmore C (2002)

       Politics and media, England: David publication

Dr Smith R (2002)

Media War, Norway: David publication

Demers, A David, K (2000)

 Fear of crime and the mass media: another test of the mass media effects hypothesi, Canada: David publication

Dr Smith, R (2002)

      Transcript of Evidence, Norway: David publication

Mr James, G (2002)

Media evidence, USA: David publication

Marsh, H (1991)

A Review of the Literature, USA: David publication

Nawaz, M (2006)

Media laws, India: Rajj publication

Nawaz, M (2006)

Media laws, India: Rajj publication

Mrs.  Potts, J (2002)

Transcript of Evidence, USA: David publisher

Mr Boardman B, (2002)

Transcript of Media, USA: David publisher

Weaver, J & Wakshlag, J (1986)

Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Norway: David publisher

ANNEXTURE:

Questionnaire

I, a student of international Islamic university Islamabad, am conducting a research on measuring the media and media polices preventing political crime from 2008 to2009. This is purely for research purpose and given information will be kept confidential. You are requested to kindly provide the accurate information as possible.

Name  _______________________

Gender: M/F

Organization___________________

Q1:  Do the masses agree on the role of media increase fear of crime?

Yes

No

Q2: Do people think that media can bring politicians accountable to them?

Yes

No

Q3: Do you agree that media increases fear of crime?

Yes

No

Q4: Do you agree media brings politicians accountable to people ?

Yes

No

Q5: Do you agree that police is working hard to bring down crime rate?

Yes

No

Q6: Do you agree that Pakistani media promoting anti criminal elements?

Yes

No

Q7:  Do you think that media sets the agenda for public?

Yes

No

Q8: Do you think that public sets agenda for media?

Yes

No

Q9: Do you agree that media broadcast crime and violence on prime-time TV and/or in the movies?

Yes

No

Q10: Do you agree that local political systems assists in organized Crimes ?

Yes

No

Q11: Do you agree that skilled people makes Criminal law?

Yes

No

Q12: Do you think that TV talk shows discuss political issues in a good way?

Yes

No

Q13: Do you agree that media created awareness in the people?

Yes

No

Q14: Do you agree that due to media technology, it is easy to stop the flow of crime rate in politics?

Yes

No

Feel free to give any sort of comments: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Chapter-4

DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS

In order to achieve the objective of the research, statistical analysis were carried out using SPSS (software Statistical Package for Social Science) and analysis comprised of tabulation, frequency distribution and proportions. The outcomes of the study are presented in bar chart form. To get the desired result researcher got the information through questionnaire from the one hundred people of the middle class citizens of Islamabad. The recovery of questionnaire was 100%.  In which researcher tries to make sure the equal opportunity to both male and female of every age, occupation, and education level.

Result of research Q1

Q1: Do the masses agree on the role of media increase fear of crime?

  Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes8080.0
no2020.0
Total100100.0

Table: 1

Table 1 indicates result of research Q1 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 80% of the respondents think that media increase fear of crime and 20% of the respondents think that media can’t bring fear of crime.

Result of research Q2

Do people think that media can bring politicians accountable to them?

Table: 2

  Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes no   Total70 30   10070.0 30.0   100.0

Table 2 indicates result of research Q2 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 58% of the respondents think that media can bring politicians accountable to people and 30% think that Pakistani media is irresponsible.

Result of research Q3

Do you agree that media increases fear of crime

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes7676.0
no2424.0
Total100100.0

Table: 3

Table 3 indicates result of research Q3 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 76% of the respondents think that media can increase fear of crime and 24 % of the respondents think that media can’t combat crime.

Result of research Q4

Do you agree media brings politicians accountable to people

Table: 4

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes3838.0
no6262.0
Total100100.0

Table 4 indicates that 38% of the respondents think that media can bring politician accountable to people.

Result of research Q5

How do people perceive whether media can lower the corruption rate?

Table: 5

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes9090.0
no1010.0
Total100100.0

Table 5 indicates that 90% of the respondents think that media can lower the corruption rate and 10% of the respondents think that police can’t decrease crime rate.

Result of research Q6

Do you agree that Pakistani media promoting anti criminal elements

 
Categories FrequencyPercent 
 yes7070.0 
no3030.0 
Total100100.0 

Table: 6

Table 6 indicates result of research Q6 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 70% of the respondents think that media is promoting anti criminal element

Result of research Q7

Do Pakistani people think that media sets the agenda for public

Table: 7

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes4141.0
no5959.0
Total100100.0

Table 7 indicates that 41% of the respondents think that  media sets the agenda for public.

Result of research Q8

Do Pakistani people think that public sets agenda for media?

 
Categories FrequencyPercent 
 yes5955.0 
no4145.0 
Total100100.0 

Table:

Table 8 indicates result of research Q8 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 59% of the respondents think that public sets agenda for media

Result of research Q9

Do you agree that media broadcast crime and violence on prime-time TV and/or in the movies

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes9191.0
no99.0
Total100100.0

Table: 9

Table 9 indicates result of research Q9 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 91% of the respondents think that media broadcast crime and violence on prime-time TV and/or in the movies.

Result of research Q10

Do you agree that local political systems assists in organized Crimes

Table: 10

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes6868.0
no3232.0
Total100100.0

Table 10 indicates result of research Q10 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 68% of the respondents think that local political systems assist in organized Crimes.

Result of research Q11

Being a Pakistani do you agree that Pakistani media can bring a good democracy?

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes8080.0
no2020.0
Total100100.0

Table: 11

Table 11 indicates result of research Q11 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 80% of the respondents think that good media will bring a good democracy.

Result of research Q12

Do you think that TV talk shows discuss political issues in a good way?

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes7070.0
no3030.0
Total100100.0

Table: 12

Table 12 indicates result of research Q12 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 70% of the respondents think that TV talk shows discuss political issues in a good way.

Result of research Q13

Do you agree that media created awareness in the people

Categories FrequencyPercent
 yes7575.0
no2525.0
Total100100.0

Table: 13

Table 13 indicates result of research Q13 which support the raised research question. Result shows that 75% of the respondents think that media created awareness in the people.

Result of research Q14

Do you agree that due to media technology, it is easy to stop the flow of crime rate in politics

 
Categories FrequencyPercent 
 yes7171.0 
no2929.0 
Total100100.0 

Table: 14

Table 14 indicates that 71% of the respondents think that through new technology it is easy to stop the flow of crime rate.

Chapter 5

Conclusion and discussion

In a nation building process media has a vital role; it can cause the increase and decrease of crime rate in politicians. Media can combat crime by adopting media laws and ethics especially when journalist adopt Islamic course of action, as in Quran Allah says ‘(42) And cover not Truth with falsehood, nor conceal the Truth when you know (what it is).  Albaqara’ so if journalists truly adopt Islamic laws in journalism then media can reduce political crimes and increase political justice.                                                                                                             Through the media, it is a natural tendency that negativity gains more attraction and spread more quickly, especially in the presence of a strong media. Whatsoever, it is a fact that most of the crimes happening across the world, which would have otherwise gone unnoticed, are brought to public attention, forcing the government to take necessary law and order actions and preventive measures. Crime and investigation reports broadcasted by television channels and stories published by newspapers have helped to catch many culprits and law breakers by assisting police investigations. Even though seeing and hearing unpleasant news is disturbing, it surely makes people aware of crimes happening around them.                                                                           If a journalist follows the laws of media then he will be able to combat political crimes. Journalists can use police for this process but most of the people think that police are useless nowadays so that’s why journalists should also keep eyes on police and they should try to encourage good police officers and they should uncover the corrupt police officers to the people.

References

McComb, S & Shaw, H (2009)

Agenda setting theory Newyork: Sage Publisher

Demer, H & david, K (1999)

Media, London: David publication

Dr Atmore C (2002)

       Politics and media, England: David publication

Dr Smith R (2002)

Media War, Norway: David publication

Demers, A David, K (2000)

 Fear of crime and the mass media: another test of the mass media effects hypothesi, Canada: David publication

Dr Smith, R (2002)

      Transcript of Evidence, Norway: David publication

Mr James, G (2002)

Media evidence, USA: David publication

Marsh, H (1991)

A Review of the Literature, USA: David publication

Nawaz, M (2006)

Media laws, India: Rajj publication

Nawaz, M (2006)

Media laws, India: Rajj publication

Mrs.  Potts, J (2002)

Transcript of Evidence, USA: David publisher

Mr Boardman B, (2002)

Transcript of Media, USA: David publisher

Weaver, J & Wakshlag, J (1986)

Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Norway: David publisher

ANNEXTURE:

Questionnaire

I, a student of international Islamic university Islamabad, am conducting a research on measuring the media and media polices preventing political crime from 2008 to2009. This is purely for research purpose and given information will be kept confidential. You are requested to kindly provide the accurate information as possible.

Name  _______________________

Gender: M/F

Organization___________________

Q1:  Do the masses agree on the role of media increase fear of crime?

Yes

No

Q2: Do people think that media can bring politicians accountable to them?

Yes

No

Q3: Do you agree that media increases fear of crime?

Yes

No

Q4: Do you agree media brings politicians accountable to people ?

Yes

No

Q5: Do you agree that police is working hard to bring down crime rate?

Yes

No

Q6: Do you agree that Pakistani media promoting anti criminal elements?

Yes

No

Q7:  Do you think that media sets the agenda for public?

Yes

No

Q8: Do you think that public sets agenda for media?

Yes

No

Q9: Do you agree that media broadcast crime and violence on prime-time TV and/or in the movies?

Yes

No

Q10: Do you agree that local political systems assists in organized Crimes ?

Yes

No

Q11: Do you agree that skilled people makes Criminal law?

Yes

No

Q12: Do you think that TV talk shows discuss political issues in a good way?

Yes

No

Q13: Do you agree that media created awareness in the people?

Yes

No

Q14: Do you agree that due to media technology, it is easy to stop the flow of crime rate in politics?

Yes

No

Feel free to give any sort of comments: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Feel free to give any sort of comments: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________